Nipah virus – Precaution, Symptoms, Cous in Hindi, Marathi

Nipah virus – Precaution, Symptoms, Cous in Hindi, Marathi {निपाह’ची लक्षणे आणि प्रथमोपचार} 

Nipah virus infection

Photo by Chi Liu
Grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus)
Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India.

NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis. NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care. (Source –

निपाह(एनआयव्ही) विषाणूमुळे मनुष्य आणि प्राणी दोघांमध्येही गंभीर स्वरूपाचे आजार निर्माण होऊ शकतात.
एनआयव्ही प्रथम १९९८मध्ये मलेशियातील वराहपालकांमध्ये आढळला होता.

कसा होतो निपाहचा प्रसार: 

  • वटवाघूळ नैसर्गिक वाहक असल्यानं वटवाघळांनी खाल्लेली किंवा चाटलेली फळं खाल्ल्यानं निपाहचा संसर्ग होण्याची शक्यत आहे.
  • एनआयव्ही संसर्ग झालेल्या रुग्णांच्या संपर्कात आल्यास.
  • एनआयव्हीचा संसर्ग झालेली वटवाघळे आणि डुकरांच्या थेट संपर्कातूनही हा संसर्ग होऊ शकतो.

प्रचंड ताप, डोकेदुखी, स्नायूदुखी उलट्या, मन आखडणे, प्रकाशाची भीती वाटणे, मानसिक गोंधळ, कोमा 

या विषाणूमुळे होणाऱ्या संसर्गावर कोणतेही ठोस उपचार नाहीत. 

प्राथमिक उपचार: 

  • संसर्ग झाल्याचे लक्षात येताच रुग्णाला अतिदक्षता विभागात हलवणे.
  • या विषाणूमुळे होणाऱ्या आजार टाळण्यासाठी कोणतीही लस नाही.
  • संसर्ग झाल्यावर इन्क्युबेशन कालावधी ५ते १४ दिवस.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *